AskDefine | Define catarrh

Dictionary Definition

catarrh n : inflammation of the nose and throat with increased production of mucus

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From the Greek "katarrhein": kata- meaning "down" and rhein meaning "to flow."

Noun

  1. inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and throat.

Extensive Definition

Catarrh () is a discharge or mucus blockage caused by the swelling of the mucous membranes. Its presence is a symptom usually associated with the common cold and chesty coughs, but can also be found in patients with middle ear infections, tonsillitis, sinusitis or an adenoid infection. Some blockages may be chronic.
Catarrhal Exudate - An Exudate characterised by the presence of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and mucus with hyperaemia of the mucosa

Problems caused by catarrh

A catarrh blockage may result in discomfort with (and what is known as ear fear of):
Even the shallow end of a swimming bath can be troublesome; barotrauma -- a problem linked to head pressure changes which is affected by catarrh blockages -- can occur in as little as 4 feet of water depth.

Etymology

The word "catarrh" comes from the Greek "katarrhein": kata- meaning "down" and rhein meaning "to flow."
catarrh in German: Katarrh
catarrh in Italian: Catarro
catarrh in Lithuanian: Gerklės kataras
catarrh in Polish: Katar (choroba)
catarrh in Portuguese: Escarro
catarrh in Kabyle: Tikerdeddit
catarrh in Swedish: Katarr
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